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2024-09-22 08:20:01

Persian polymath in mathematics, astronomy, and geography

Persian polymath in mathematics, astronomy, and geography

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi, known as al-Khwarizmi, was a Persian scholar who made significant contributions to mathematics, astronomy, and geography. He is considered the father of algebra and introduced the decimal-based positional number system to the Western world.

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500

500-year-old maths problem applies to coffee and clocks

A 500-year-old mathematics problem has been found to have applications in the realms of coffee and clocks.

770

Indian Political Mission Gift to Baghdad Court

Around 770, an Indian political mission presented a text to the court in Baghdad, which served as the basis for al-Khwarizmi's astronomical treatise.

780

Al-Khwārizmī Introduces Hindu-Arabic Numerals and Algebra

Al-Khwārizmī is renowned for his mathematical works, which brought Hindu-Arabic numerals and algebra to European mathematicians. The terms 'algorithm' and 'algebra' are derived from his name and the title of his works.

800

Al-Khwarizmi's Al-Jabr

Al-Khwarizmi introduced the concept of 'al-jabr' which means 'completion' and involves removing negative terms from an equation.

0813

Publication of Kitab al-Jabr wa al-Muqabala

Al-Khwarizmi wrote the book 'Kitab al-Jabr wa al-Muqabala,' which introduced a new method of solving mathematical problems using letters and symbols. This work laid the foundation for algebra.

0820

Publication of 'The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing'

In about AD 820, Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī wrote 'The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing', which introduced fundamental methods for solving equations and laid the foundation for the discipline of algebra. This landmark work led to the Latinization of his name as Algoritmi, giving rise to the term 'algorithm'.

825

Al-Khwarizmi writes al-jabr and al-muqabala

Around 825, Mohammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi wrote the first true algebra text called al-jabr and al-muqabala in Baghdad. This work is considered the foundation of algebra.

830

Al-Khwārizmī’s second book

Al-Khwarizmi wrote a book called “Kitab Surat al-Ard” focusing on geography and map-making, contributing to a better understanding of the world.

833

Al-Khwārizmī's Kitāb Ṣūrat al-Arḍ

Al-Khwārizmī's Geography, finished in 833, was a major reworking of Ptolemy's second-century Geography, providing a list of coordinates of cities and geographical features.

835

Books translated into Latin

Al-Khwarizmi translated both of his books into Latin, aiding in the dissemination of his ideas and mathematical concepts to Europe.

0850

Death of Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī

Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī passed away around AD 850 in Baghdad, Iraq. His legacy as a Persian polymath who revolutionized algebra, mathematics, astronomy, and geography continues to influence scholars and mathematicians worldwide.

1126

Translation of astronomical tables by Adelard of Bath

Adelard of Bath translated astronomical tables in 1126, including the work attributed to Al-Khwarizmi.

1145

Translation of Al-Jabr into Latin

In 1145, Al-Jabr, translated into Latin by Robert of Chester, became the principal mathematical textbook of European universities until the 16th century.

1200

Development of Algorithm by Al-Khwarizmi

Al-Khwarizmi developed the concept of the algorithm in mathematics, earning him the title of the grandfather of computer science. His work laid the foundation for modern algorithms used in various computational processes.

1857

Surviving Latin Texts of Al-Khwarizmi's Methods

Four Latin texts, including Dixit Algorizmi, Liber Alchoarismi de Practica Arismetice, Liber Ysagogarum Alchorismi, and Liber Pulveris, provide adaptations of Al-Khwarizmi's methods, although not believed to be literal translations.

1936

The sources of al-Khwarizmi's algebra

An article delving into the origins and foundations of al-Khwarizmi's algebra, providing insights into its development.

1944

Al'Khuwarizimi e il suo rifacimento della Geografia di Tolomeo

C A Nallino's work in Rome discusses al-Khwarizmi's revision of Ptolemy's Geography.

1964

Al-Khwarizmi on the Jewish calendar

E S Kennedy's research in Scripta Math. delves into al-Khwarizmi's work related to the Jewish calendar.

1969

Al-Khwarizmi's planetary latitude tables

A S Kennedy and W Ukashah's study in Centaurus focuses on al-Khwarizmi's tables related to planetary latitudes.

1977

al-Biruni and al-Khwarizmi

This Russian publication explores the relationship between al-Biruni and al-Khwarizmi in the fields of mathematics and astronomy.

1982

The Life and Work of al-Khwarizmi

M. Sani's exploration of the life and contributions of al-Khwarizmi, published in the Menemui Matematik journal.

1983

The algebraic treatise of al-Khwarizmi

G P Matvievskaya's work in Russian sheds light on al-Khwarizmi's algebraic treatise within the context of medieval Eastern mathematics and astronomy.

1985

The Great Medieval Scientist Al-Khwarizmi

A book published in Tashkent in 1985 that discusses the life and contributions of the great medieval scientist Al-Khwarizmi, particularly focusing on his work in algebra and the development of precision instruments in the Near and Middle East.

1986-08-06

Discovery of Asteroid 13498 Al Chwarizmi

Asteroid 13498 Al Chwarizmi was discovered on August 6, 1986 by astronomers E. W. Elst and V. G. Ivanova at Smolyan. It was named in honor of al-Khwārizmī for his contributions.

1987

Developments in the solution to the equation cx€ + bx = a from al-Khwarizmi to Fibonacci

Examines the evolution of solving the equation cx€ + bx = a from al-Khwarizmi to Fibonacci, highlighting advancements in mathematics.

1988

The Art of Algebra from al-Khwarizmi to Viète

A study on the evolution of algebraic ideas from al-Khwarizmi to Viète, published in the History of Science journal.

1989

Robert of Chester's Latin translation of al-Khwarizmi's 'al-Jabr'

Focuses on Robert of Chester's Latin translation of al-Khwarizmi's 'al-Jabr', highlighting the transmission of mathematical knowledge.

1990

Thus spake al-Khwarizmi : a translation of the text of Cambridge University Library ms. Ii.vi.5

A translation of the text of a manuscript from Cambridge University Library, shedding light on the works of al-Khwarizmi.

1991

al-Khwarizmi's table of the 'sine of the hours' and the underlying sine table

Discusses al-Khwarizmi's table of the 'sine of the hours' and the sine table it is based on, offering mathematical insights.

1993

Geometric Trigonometry in Treatises of al-Khwarizmi, al-Mahani and ibn al-Haytham

B. A. Rosenfeld's work on geometric trigonometry as discussed in the treatises of al-Khwarizmi, al-Mahani, and ibn al-Haytham, included in the Vestigia Mathematica publication.

1996

Al-Khwarizmi's Astronomical Tables Revisited

An analysis of the equation of time in Al-Khwarizmi's astronomical tables, presented in a publication 'From Baghdad to Barcelona' in 1996, shedding new light on his astronomical contributions.

1997-12-31

Discovery of Main-belt Asteroid by P. G. Comba

On December 31, 1997, astronomer P. G. Comba discovered a main-belt asteroid. This asteroid was named after the famous Persian mathematician Al-Khwarismi.

2023-11-21

Introduction of al-Khwarizmi in Lesson Transcript

The lesson transcript introduces al-Khwarizmi, known as the father of algebra, and provides information about his biography and contributions to math and science.

End of the Timeline

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Persian polymath in mathematics, astronomy, and geography

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