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2024-09-22 08:20:01

Mathematician and professor

Mathematician and professor

Hermann Minkowski developed geometry of numbers and Minkowski spacetime, contributing to special theory of relativity.

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1853

Minkowski–Steiner Formula

The Minkowski–Steiner formula, developed in 1853, is a mathematical formula that calculates the volume of a geometric shape by summing the volumes of its projections.

1858-06

Minkowski's Contribution to Mathematics

Hermann Minkowski's main contribution to mathematics was in the field of number theory, where he founded the field known as 'geometry of numbers' and discovered the fundamental result in the field, Minkowski's theorem, which implies that the class number of any number field is finite.

1864-06-22

Birth of Hermann Minkowski

Hermann Minkowski was born in Alexotas, Russia (now Lithuania) on June 22, 1864. His family later moved to Königsberg, where he received his education and developed lifelong friendships with prominent mathematicians like Hilbert and Hurwitz.

1872

Minkowski Family Moves to Königsberg

To escape Jewish persecution in the Russian Empire, Hermann Minkowski's family moved to Königsberg in 1872. His father, Lewin Boruch Minkowski, became involved in rag export and later in the manufacture of mechanical clockwork tin toys.

1879

Awarded Grand Prix des Sciences Mathématiques

At the age of 15, Hermann Minkowski was awarded the 'Grand Prix des Sciences Mathématiques' by the French Academy of Sciences in 1879 for his paper on the representation of numbers as a sum of five squares. This recognition highlighted his exceptional mathematical abilities at a young age.

1881

Minkowski's Talent for Mathematics Recognized

While studying at the Gymnasium in Königsberg, Minkowski's exceptional mathematical abilities were noted by Heinrich Weber in a letter to Dedekind in 1881. He was already reading the works of Dedekind, Dirichlet, and Gauss at this early stage of his education.

1882

Hermann Minkowski Awarded the Grand Prix des Sciences Mathématiques

In 1882, Hermann Minkowski was awarded the Grand Prix des Sciences Mathématiques by the French Academy of Sciences for his paper on the representation of numbers as a sum of five squares.

1883

Minkowski Awarded Mathematics Prize by French Academy of Sciences

In 1883, Hermann Minkowski was awarded the Mathematics Prize by the French Academy of Sciences. This recognition highlighted his significant contributions to the field of mathematics.

1885

Minkowski Receives Doctorate from University of Königsberg

In 1885, Minkowski obtained his doctorate from the University of Königsberg for his thesis on quadratic forms. The thesis was titled 'Studies on square shapes, determining the number of different forms, containing a given genus.'

1887

Minkowski starts teaching at Bonn

In 1887, Hermann Minkowski began teaching at the University of Bonn.

1889

Minkowski's Theorem in Geometry of Numbers

In 1889, Hermann Minkowski formulated a theorem in the geometry of numbers, which deals with the study of integer points in convex bodies and their relationships.

1890

Initiation of 'geometry of numbers'

Hermann Minkowski initiated his 'geometry of numbers' in 1890, which became his most original achievement. It involved investigations into quadratic forms, continued fractions, and the theories of Diophantine approximation and algebraic numbers.

1892

Minkowski becomes assistant professor at Bonn

In 1892, Hermann Minkowski was promoted to the position of assistant professor at the University of Bonn.

1894

Contributions to Lorentz Transformations

Alexander Macfarlane made contributions to Lorentz transformations in 1894. These transformations are related to isometries in hyperbolic space and form the mathematical basis of Minkowski space.

1896

Geometry of Numbers

In 1896, Hermann Minkowski presented his geometry of numbers, a geometrical method that solved problems in number theory, which was a significant contribution to the field of mathematics.

1897

Marriage of Hermann Minkowski to Auguste Adler

Hermann Minkowski married Auguste Adler in 1897. The couple had two daughters and their union further enriched Minkowski's personal life alongside his remarkable contributions to mathematics.

1898-06-09

Birth of Lily Ruedenberg

Lily Ruedenberg, possibly a relative or acquaintance of Hermann Minkowski, was born on June 9, 1898, in Zurich, Switzerland.

1900-01-05

Minkowski suggests theme for Hilbert's 1900 lecture in Paris

In a letter dated 5 January 1900, Minkowski advised Hilbert to focus on predicting future mathematical problems for his famous 1900 lecture in Paris. He believed that by doing so, Hilbert's lecture would be remembered for decades to come.

1902-01-12

Hermann Minkowski's Death

Hermann Minkowski died suddenly of appendicitis in Göttingen on 12 January 1909.

1904

Minkowski presents 'On the Geometry of Numbers' at the 1904 ICM in Heidelberg

At the 1904 International Congress of Mathematicians in Heidelberg, Minkowski delivered a talk titled 'On the Geometry of Numbers'. This presentation showcased his expertise in the field of mathematics.

1905

Development of Minkowski Spacetime

Hermann Minkowski's foundational work on describing space and time as a four-dimensional space, known as 'Minkowski spacetime,' greatly influenced Albert Einstein's special theory of relativity.

1907

Minkowski spacetime

Hermann Minkowski developed the concept of Minkowski spacetime in 1907, which unified space and time into a single continuum. This mathematical framework is essential for understanding the geometric interpretation of the Special Theory of Relativity.

1908-06-12

Death of Hermann Minkowski

At the age of 44, Hermann Minkowski passed away suddenly from a ruptured appendix, cutting short the life of the brilliant mathematician known for his contributions to the geometry of numbers and other mathematical theories.

1908-09-21

Minkowski's Address at the 80th Assembly of German Natural Scientists and Physicians

In 1908, Hermann Minkowski delivered an address titled 'Space and Time' at the 80th Assembly of German Natural Scientists and Physicians. In this address, he introduced the concept of spacetime, emphasizing the intermingling of time and space in a four-dimensional continuum.

1909-01-12

Death of Hermann Minkowski

Minkowski passed away on January 12, 1909, in Göttingen, Germany.

1910

Publication of Geometrie der Zahlen

In 1910, Hermann Minkowski published 'Geometrie der Zahlen' which is a significant work in the field of geometry of numbers.

1911

Publication of Gesammelte Abhandlungen

Hermann Minkowski published 'Gesammelte Abhandlungen' in 1911, a collection of his research papers in 2 volumes.

1915

Publication of 'Das Relativitätsprinzip'

In 1915, Hermann Minkowski published 'Das Relativitätsprinzip' in Annalen der Physik, which discussed the principle of relativity.

1935

Minkowski–Hlawka Theorem

The Minkowski–Hlawka theorem, established in 1935, is a significant result in the geometry of numbers that provides a bound on the discrepancy of a sequence of points in a unit cube.

1939

Smith–Minkowski–Siegel Mass Formula

The Smith–Minkowski–Siegel mass formula, introduced in 1939, is a fundamental result in the theory of modular forms that relates the mass of a modular form to its Fourier coefficients.

1973

Publication of Misner, Thorne & Wheeler

The book 'Gravitation' by Misner, Thorne & Wheeler was published in 1973, providing a more physical and explicitly geometrical setting for the identifications of vectors in a mathematical context.

1975

H J Zassenhaus's Analysis of Minkowski-Hilbert Dialogue

In 1975, H J Zassenhaus examined the dialogue between Minkowski and Hilbert regarding mathematization, providing valuable insights.

1985

W Strobl's Research on Hermann Minkowski's Early Scientific Work

In 1985, W Strobl delved into the early scientific endeavors of Hermann Minkowski, shedding light on his foundational contributions.

1993

J-P Serre and Minkowski's Influence on Académie des Sciences

J-P Serre's work in mathematics and Minkowski's contributions had a significant impact on the Académie des Sciences in 1993.

1994

T M Tonietti's Study on Felix Klein and Hermann Minkowski

T M Tonietti's research in 1994 explored the relationship between Felix Klein and Hermann Minkowski, focusing on arithmetic and arithmetization.

End of the Timeline

**Hermann Minkowski**

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Mathematician and professor

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